There are two sized of Beagle, and in terms of height these vary from up to t13 inches and from 13-15 inches. The weight of a Beagle can vary from 16-30 pounds depending on his height. These dogs have short, sleek, and dense coats, and the coloring of the coat can vary and includes red and white, tan and white, lemon and white, blue shading, and the most common, which is tri-colored with black, tan and white. The ears of the breed fall to the sides of the face, and these dogs have wallowing dark eyes and an intelligent expression.
Playful, good natured, and very sociable, the Beagle is a dog that is well suited to inexperienced dog owners as well as the more experienced. These are dogs that are well suited to households with children, as they get along well with kids. They also get on well and enjoy the company of other dogs in their pack. They have a tendency to chase smaller animals. The Beagle is a dog with bags of love and attention to give to his family. He is always happy to see you when you come home, and will wag his tail of and greet you with kisses. He is a dog that loves to explore and follow his nose! Sometimes his curious streak (what is that lovely smell and where is it coming from?) can lead him into trouble and even danger. Beagles love food and are always "starving hungry", or so they pretend, which makes them prone to obesity. So you must only feed him the right amount of food to fulfill his daily nutritional requirements, and no more.
Obedience training of a consistent nature is essential for this breed, as he can otherwise be stubborn and this can make it hard to get him to obey you. Younger Beagles love to chew, so don't leave this breed alone with your best furniture. The Beagle has a bright and cheerful disposition, and is a great companion dog. With strangers the Beagle can be vocal and territorial and their alertness and tendency to bark as a warning makes them good watchdogs. This breed loves to eat and when steal food whenever given the chance. He can also be very difficult to housebreak. The Beagle's tendency to wander off and explore means that you should ensure that he is in a very safe and secure, fenced area if he is allowed to play off the leash. He is an excellent digger and climber, and will dig under, or climb his way over, the fence if he sets his mind on it, so you must ensure that your fence is secure enough to keep him secure.
The short, sleek coat of the Beagle does not take much in terms of maintenance, and a quick brushing and occasional wipe down with a damp cloth should help to keep the coat in good, glossy condition. You should ensure that you clean the ears of the Beagle regularly to reduce the chances of infections. He is a moderate year round shedder.
The Beagle is originally from England and is famously one of the most popular scent hounds. It has a sweet and merry disposition with a high level of energy. It is willing to share affection and attention with owners, family members, and other dogs in its pack. It has originated as a cross between the Harrier and other hounds of old England, and has been used in pack hunts and in pairs. It was originally used for hunting hare, pheasant, and quail. These dogs also make excellent narcotics detection dogs and are wonderful fine family companions. Since these dogs are uniform in size and quite small, they may also be used for a variety of medical experiments.
Possible ancestors for this dog include the Talbot hound from Great Britain which is now instinct. In addition, the black and tan Irish Kerry Beagles are another possible link for these beagles, as well as the Bloodhound. The Kerry Beagles may explain the strong scenting ability of Beagles that we know of them today. The word "Beagle" is derived from the French word "beguele" meaning "open throat". The French or Welsh term "beag" means small, and other variations have been noted.
Most Beagles have been used for hunting purposes, and were often used in hare hunting in old England. Beagles were often raised in packs of over 100 hare hounds to help in the battlefield of the Hundred Years' War. "Beagling" is considered a sport that is similar to foxhunting in scope, and has been banned in England; in the United States and Canada, Beagles are commonly used for hunting hare and deer. Beagles were not always used as a Beagle pack, and the hunter beagle is usually proficient with chasing and stalking.
In modern day, these dogs are commonly used as sniffer dogs for recreational drug use detection. They are the breed of choice by the United States Department of Agriculture and are often involved with detecting food items in luggage. They were originally chosen for these types of assignments because of their small size and easy maintenance. They are also not as intimidating for most people around dogs, and easily help to adjust and socialize within their domain. Because of their passive nature, they are commonly used in animal testing.
Beagles are a smart breed of dog and can be trained very quickly. Many are trained to hunt rabbits at a very young age, and an intensive training session and progressive steps for specific goals will work well for them. Beagles are considered to be the oldest breed of gundogs in the world, but they are very well suited for rabbit and hare hunting. Many breeders focus on tracking and hunting rabbits with their Beagles, and they do have many qualities that can make them competitive and even show dogs in some stages.
Beagle pups can be trained as early as 6 - 8 weeks of age and will easily adapt to different forms of training. They have a very short attention span so it is important to keep these sessions to approximately 10 - 15 minutes, and not more than two or three times per day. Constant positive feedback and generous affection are usually all that are needed for the puppy to concede and follow your guidelines. These dogs can become tame and docile very easily when you teach them how to appreciate your respect and guidance. These dogs are not difficult for the average person to train, but the process does require patience and persistence with frequent training sessions.
Socialization is incredibly important for these energetic dogs, and they can adjust fairly quickly in social situations and with other dogs. Young puppies can be led to school on a leash and trained on a grooming table. They are likely to pick up new tricks very quickly and it is important that these dogs learn positive behaviors as soon as possible. Beagles enjoy games and activities and will respond well to reinforcement when they are alert and engaged in activities.
Teaching training in logical steps will help make the necessary transitions and can clear the way for consistency which is especially important for puppies. Running the dogs on a daily basis will help them to learn as much as possible for hunting and racing purposes. The dogs are competitive but fun to work with; they respond well to positive motivation and reinforcement. Consistent feedback and attention will make it easier to train the Beagle, even if it is not of a very young age.
The Beagle has a life expectancy of around 10-14 years. There are various health problems and issues linked to this breed, and some of these include thyroid problems, epilepsy, spinal problems, cataracts, glaucoma, retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, and bleeding disorders. The parents of your Beagle puppy should have CERF and OFA certificates.