(aka: Bouledogue Francais, Frenchie)
The French Bulldog has a small, compact, chunky build, and a typical pug-like face with a down-turned mouth that makes him look grumpy. However, you can see the intelligence, eagerness, and even a hint of naughtiness in the eyes of these dogs. The coat of the French Bulldog is close, short, and smooth, and the coloring includes cream, brindle, pied, and black and fawn. The weight of the French Bulldog is around 20-28 pounds and the height is around 11-14 inches.
French Bulldog Temperament
The French Bulldog is an intelligent, lively, playful, and affectionate dog that makes for a delightful companion or family pet. This mild mannered breed loves people, loves to get involved with family play and activities, and loves life. Sweet natured, humorous, and entertaining, the French Bulldog is a very dependable, well balanced, amiable, and sociable breed. These dogs may be small but they have big personalities. Puppies are very playful and energetic, but will start to calm down as they grow older, although they will still enjoy playing and joining in with activities. The French Bulldog is a sensitive breed, but can also be quite stubborn at times. However, his gentle disposition, intelligence, and obedience means that he is well suited to novice owners as well as the more experienced.
The French Bulldog gets along well with other children as well as with other animals, although he may try and hunt very small animals such as rodents. With strangers most will be friendly and welcoming, although some can be reserved. The French Bulldog can make an effective watchdog as he will be vocal if he senses danger. These dogs are very active for their size, and this is something that should be watched, as it can mean danger - for instance, if your French Bulldog falls into a pool he is likely to drown, as most cannot swim. The French Bulldog, in short, makes a wonderful family pet and will get along with practically anyone and anything. However, these are not dogs that will make good exercise companion for those that are very active, as their short muzzles mean that they can get worn out quickly and may be prone to respiratory problems if over exerted.
The grooming requirements for the French Bulldog are relatively low, which is ideal if you do not have that much time to dedicate to grooming. His short coat needs an occasional brushing to keep it looking good, and you should ensure that the wrinkles and folds on his face are cleaned, and that you check his ears are dry and clean to avoid infection and for hygiene reasons. This is a fairly low shedder on a seasonal basis, and so may prove suitable for those with allergies.
There is much speculation as to the origin of the French Bulldog. The most prevalent is that it originates from the miniature bulldog that was brought to France by Nottingham lace workers during the industrial revolution. When the workers of Nottingham moved to France in search of work, they brought their smaller bulldogs with them because they were suited to the cramped living conditions, and were excellent ratters. In the 1860's, the export of miniature bulldogs became so popular, that they practically became extinct in England. They were then thought to have been crossed with a native breed, the Terrier Boule , and eventually giving rise to the French Bulldog. It soon became a star of the working class Parisians society. Its physique, small size, and enchanting personality, soon made this little petite Boule the darling of flat faced breed fanciers. As the new smaller breed bulldog gained in popularity in France, they quickly gained favor with the "ladies of the night". The French Bulldog made its first appearance in the united states in 1896 at the Westminster Kennel Club show in New York. In England, the French Bulldog Club was formed in 1902.
French Bulldogs can be stubborn and hard headed. They are not easy to train, and have a hard time learning to act on command. You must be more stubborn than your Frenchie ! Some people suggest crate training as the best source of getting the lesson learned. You can expect four or more months of consistent crate training. Frenchies do not like to take orders. They have a hard time adhering to the task at hand and are easily distracted. Owners of this little bully breed , should have a strong will and an endless supply of patience.
Learning to obey basic commands is something that must be taught with this breed. Puppy classes are a good way to socialize Your puppy as well as learning the basic social skills needed in developing a good relationship with your French Bulldog. A Frenchie with bad manners, does not make for a pleasant companion. Males should be neutered if they will not be bred. This helps with the task of housebreaking. They need to learn that it is not acceptable behavior to jump on houseguests, Inspect the contents of the trash can, or use the dirty laundry as they do their chew toys. Teaching them at an early age will have far greater results and can make living with your Frenchie a pleasant and rewarding experience. There happy go lucky personality is a plus for training.
There are a number of health problems that are linked to this breed. The short muzzle of the breed means that over exertion can lead to respiratory problems, and they can be very sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold. Other issues to look out for include HD and elbow dysplasia, elongated soft palate, spinal problems, luxating patella, cataracts, allergies, and thyroid problems. The parents of the French Bulldog puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates, and screening for vWD should also be carried out.