The American Kennel Club
The American Kennel Club (AKC) was founded in September of 1884 by twelve sportsmen who each represented a dog club that had recently held some type of dog show or field trials. The gathering took place at the Philadelphia Kennel Club, and together these twelve men formed a new "Club of Clubs", the American Kennel Club.
The group next met the following month in New York to adopt a Constitution and By-Laws, and Major James M. Taylor became the first President of the AKC. Dating back over 100 years, today the AKC is the largest purebred dog registry in the world.
Besides maintaining a registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States, they also promote dog shows for purebred dogs. In order for a dog to be registered by the American Kennel Club, both parents must be AKC registered (as the same breed), and the litter must be registered by the breeder. If these conditions are not met, a dog can apply for registration through special registry research.
Mixed breed dogs can register with the AKC as a Canine Partner, which allows them to compete in AKC Agility, Obedience and AKC Rally Events (they are NOT registered in the AKC Stud Book).
Just because a dog is registered with the American Kennel Club does not indicate that the dog comes from healthy or show quality blood lines, nor is it a reflection of the quality of the breeder, or how the puppy was raised. These are things that potential pet owners need to check out for themselves before purchasing a new puppy.
There are currently over 150 dog breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club, and more breeds trying to gain recognition every year. The process can be a long one, but the benefits are worth it for many individual dog breed clubs. The first step is to become accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Services (FSS), and from there they can slowly achieve the steps necessary to become fully recognized by the AKC.
AKC Dog Groups
AKC Mission Statement
The American Kennel Club is dedicated to upholding the integrity of its Registry, promoting the sport of purebred dogs and breeding for type and function. Founded in 1884, the AKC® and its affiliated organizations advocate for the purebred dog as a family companion, advance canine health and well-being, work to protect the rights of all dog owners and promote responsible dog ownership.
Advance the study, breeding, exhibiting, running and maintenance of purebred dogs.
AKC's Core Values
• We love purebred dogs
• We are committed to advancing the sport of the purebred dog
• We are dedicated to maintaining the integrity of our Registry
• We protect the health and well-being of all dogs
• We cherish dogs as companions
• We are committed to the interests of dog owners
• We uphold high standards for the administration and operation of the AKC
• We recognize the critical importance of our clubs and volunteers